For this new trip to France, we take the direction of Grasse . Let’s discover the history of perfumery .
From the Neolithic era, the man was rubbing with essences and aromatics to impress the prey that he will hunt. Later, the Bible also speaks of aromatics, incense … The following centuries, the Crusaders will bring back from the East, oils and scented skins. At this time, the perfume is part of the toilet .
The specialty of Grasse
Grasse will specialize in leather tanning during the Middle Ages. But the leather smells bad. This does not please the nobility. Galimard, a tanner from Grasse, then has an idea: create scented leather gloves. He gives a pair to Catherine de Medici , Queen of France. In 1656, the profession of glove perfumers is thus created in France. Tax on leather will make the leather industry decline in Grasse. The perfume thus becomes the specialty of the city. The rare scents of the country of Grasse ( lavender, myrtle, jasmine, rose, wild orange blossom, mimosa ) allow Grasse to acquire a world-wide reputation . It serves to hide the stench. And the following century is created the vaporizer.
The companies bought back
The French perfumery will know its golden age between the years 1920 and 1960. It will then know the competition on the European market. From the 1970s, family factories were bought by large international groups. Companies will also turn to synthetic aromatics. Even today, 10,000 Grasse people live thanks to the perfume industry .
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